Knowledge through Indian Languages

Dictionary of Manipuri Medical Terms (Manipuri-English)

(AIDS): (Acquired Immune Deficiency)= it is a viral disease caused by the virus called the Human Immunodeficiency virus (HIV) which destroys a subgroup of lymphocytes, the helper T-cells ( CD4 lymphocytes) resulting the suppression of the body`s immune. AIDS is essentially a sexually transmitted disease, either homosexually or heterosexually. The other two main routes of spread are via infected blood or blood products and by maternofetal route. The virus can be transmitted from an infected mother to her child in the uterus or it may be acquired from maternal blood during parturition: it may also be transmitted in breast milk. Acute infection following exposure to the virus results the production of antibodies (Seroconvesion), their presence indicating that infection has taken place. However, not all those who seroconvert progress to chronic infection. For those who do enter a chronic stage there may be illness of varying severity, Including persistent generalizing involvement of lymph node: what is termed AIDs related complex (ARC), including intermittent feve, weight loss, diarrhoea, fatigue and night sweats and AIDS itself, presenting an opportunitic infections (especially Pneumonia caused by Pneumocystis carinit) and/or tumours, such as Kaposi`s sarcoma. The development of antiviral drug initially used singly but more recently used in duel or triple combinations, may well modify the gloomy outlook. These drugs include the reverse transcriptase inhibitors and protease inhibitors.

(Akoksha):(i) Demon-possession = The suffering/ailment of or dominated by evil spirit, (ii) A Dimasa/ Kackhari tribe/ section immerged in Meitei / Manipuri society.

(Akhungba): (i) Sterility=Biologically incapable of producing offspring, fruit, flower of seed, or the complete absence of potentially infective micro-organism (Pathogens), (ii) Sterilization= Refer to either the process of rendering a person sterile-common methods of which are (a) Vasectomy (for men) and (b) Surgically cutting/closing of the fallopian tubes(Salpingectomy) in women or any method to free an enclosed environment / equipment of infective micro-organisms i.e. free from germs (bacteria, viruses, etc.).

(Angaoba): (i) Mad/Madness = Mentally ill, (ii) Insasne /Insanity = A condition of such mental illness / instability in a person that he/she cannot be held legally responsible for his/her action. (iii) Lunacy = Obsolete term for several mental disorders causing behavioral disturbance. The term dates from a time when such disorder were thought at least partly to derive from the influence of the moon.

(Angang/Ango):(i) child = A boy or girl between birth and physical maturity.(ii) Baby = A newborn or very young child or animal. (iii) Infant = Baby or a schoolchild under the age of seven or eight or in law he/she is called `minor`.

অঙাং উনবা
(Angang Unaba): (i) Birth /delivery of child/baby or (ii) Childbirth = delivery at the end of pregnancy by a mother of a child through the process of labour or a mother of a child through the process of labour or a Caesarean section. In natural childbirth the birth itself constitutes the second stage of labour (the third and last are the delivery of the afterbirth). The baby`s head (or other part of the body with any other presentation) appears at the end of the cervix and the contractions become strongly rhythmic. There is an increased urge in the mother to `bear down` and push the baby out. Rapidly the baby reaches the vaginal opening and with/without assistance makes its way into the world. Any membranous debris and blood is wiped away and umbilical cord is cut and tied

(Angangkhao):= Womb/uterus = See Eenu shiyom.

অঈং-অশু কাবা (অবুকাবা)
(Aing-Ashu Kaba/Abukaba):Flatulence (Flatus)/Flatulency or Windy/Puffy = The presence of air and gas (flatus) in the stomach or the intenstines caused mostly either by hast eating or drinkng (and consequent swallowing of air) or by fermentation of food in the stomach and the small intestine.

(Athin-Areng):Pain=(i) bodily suffering, (ii) the throes of childbirth, (ii) the throes of childbirth, (iii) trouble (s) or (iv) colic = intense abdominal pain that occurs in short cycles which peak and fade.

অথিন-অরেঙগী লাইনা
(Athin-Arengee Laina):Colic pain = A disease attended with severe pain or colic and flatulent of the abdomen without diarrhoea.